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Geoffrey Garver

 Law and Governance Lead – McGill University



Dr. Geoffrey Garver teaches environmental courses at McGill University and Concordia University in Montreal and coordinates law and governance research for the Leadership for the Ecozoic program, formerly the Economics for the Anthropocene Partnership. He is on the Steering Committee of the Ecological Law and Governance Association ( and is active in the international degrowth movement.  Geoff completed his PhD (Geography) at McGill in 2016, and has a B.S. (Chemical Engineering) from Cornell University (1982), a J.D. from Michigan law School (1987) and an LL.M. from McGill (2011). From 2000-2007, he was Director of Submission on Enforcement Matters at the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (, following 13 years of public service with the U.S. Department of Justice, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and a federal District Court judge in Maine. Geoff co-authored Right Relationship: Building a Whole Earth Economy (2009) and many articles and book chapters.  His book Ecological Law and the Planetary Crisis is coming out in October 2020.  Geoff grew up in a Quaker family in Western New York and is on the Board of Trustees of the Quaker Institute for the Future.  



Ecological Law and the Planetary Crisis. A Legal Guide for Harmony on Earth. Routledge. 2021.

Authors: Geoffrey Garver


Trade and Environment in Nafta's Replacement: and Old Guzzler Gets a Paint Job.

In Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal. 2021


From Environmental to Ecological Law.
Forthcoming by Routledge. 2020

Authors: Geoffrey Garver, K. Anker, , P. Burdon, M. Maloney and C. Sbert (eds)

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 A Systems-based Tool for Transitioning to Law for a Mutually Enhancing Human-Earth Relationship.


Authors: Geoffrey Garver


 Promoting Human connection to Place in Ecological Law in Ecological Integrity in Science and Law (pp.125-134)

Authors: Geoffrey Garver


Confronting Remote Ownership Problems with Ecological Law.


Authors: Geoffrey Garver


Moving from environmental law to ecological law: frameworks, priorities and strategies (Chapter 14 in Ecological Integrity, Law and Governance, L. Westra, K. Bosselmann, J. Gray and K. Gwiazdon, eds.).


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Ecological Integrity in the Anthropocene: Lessons for Law from Ecological Restoration and Beyond (book chapter, The Role of Integrity in the Governance of the Commons, F-T. Gottwald, J. Gray and L. Westra, eds.). 



Boundaries and Indicators: Conceptualizing and Measuring Progress Toward an Economy of Right Relationship Constrained by Global Ecological Limits (book chapter, Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene, P.G. Brown and P. Timmerman, eds)



Forgotten Promises: Neglected Environmental Provisions of the NAFTA and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (book chapter, NAFTA and Sustainable Development, H. Kong and K. Wroth, eds.)



 The Rule of Ecological Law: The Legal Complement to Degrowth Economics. 


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Les dispositions limitées de la non-régression environnementale sous l’ALÉNA et l’Accord nord-américain de coopération dans le domaine de l’environnement (book chapter, M. Prieur and G. Sozzo, eds.)



Right Relationship:  Building a Whole Earth Economy.


Authors: Peter G. Brown & Geoffrey Garver

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